Midterm Study Guide

Earth Science: mid-term study guide
Chapters 1-16
You may have one page of handwritten notes to use on the exam.
Please turn in your study guide notes along with your mid-term for extra credit.

1. Describe atoms.
2. Describe elements.
3. What is a mixture?
4. What kinds of tests are used to identify a mineral?
5. How are clastic sedimentary rocks classified?
6. Describe the rock cycle.
7. Describe erosion.
8. Describe the different types of mass movement.
9. Where do intrusive igneous rocks form?
10. What is a kimberlite pipe?
11. What is the force behind mass movement?
12. Describe the characteristics of valley glaciers.
13. What are the sources of fresh water on Earth?
14. What forms when warm, moist air is forced upward, expands, and cools?
15. What happens to atmospheric pressure in the troposphere with increasing altitude?
16. Define climate.
17. What is the Fujita intensity scale?

Terms to know:

Technology

Scientific methods are…

Earths atmosphere

International Date Line

Equator

Atom

Isotope

Classification of minerals

Ore

Igneous intrusions

Physical weathering

Eroded materials

Force of friction

Stream banks

Solution

Aquifers

Barriers to groundwater flow

Precipitation and return of groundwater

Stream valleys

Groundwater: what does it do to limestone?

Radiation

Condensation

Lifted condensation level

Extensive glacial coverage

Meridians, grids, seconds, minutes for latitude and longitude

Flat maps

Topographic maps

Graphic scale

Atoms and molecules that are densely packed

Thermal energy

Positive ions

Negative ions

Most abundant elements in Earth’s crust

Formation of rocks

Rock’s melting point determined by …

Metamorphism of limestone

Soils in sloped areas

Factors affecting mass movement

Actions preventing mass-movement disasters

Ice age and glaciers

Eutrophication of a lake


* Be familiar with the diagram on the bottom of page 241 in your textbook.