Earth Science Final

You may complete and submit this study guide prior to taking your final for up to 10 extra credit points. You may prepare one sheet of handwritten notes to use during the test. Terms to know:
Earth Science

Rocks in mid-ocean ridges

Wegener’s proposal of the continents

Sea floor spreading

Colonization of plants on land

Marine organisms during the Mississippian

Oxygen on Earth



Solid, unweathered rock

Continental crust

Oceanic crust

Neptune’s atmosphere

Sun centered model

Wobble in Earth’s axis

Saturn’s rings

Current era

Geological time scale

Stress: tension, compression, shear, strain

Measure of earthquake vibrations

Filling of wetland

Federal law protecting waters of the United States

Carrying capacity

1. Rocks close to mid-ocean ridges are _____ than rocks far from mid-ocean ridges.

2. Wegener proposed that the continents were___

3. What causes sea floor spread?

4. When did plants start to colonize on land?

5. What kind of marine organisms became dominant during the Mississippian?

6. Oxygen makes up ____ percent of the Earth's air.

7. Concrete and mortar used in construction is made using _____.

8. What is the solid in weathered rock under the soil called?

9. Continental crust is made mostly or ___ and oceanic crust is made mostly of____.

10. Neptune's atmosphere has a persistent storm called ______.

11. What is the Sun centered model of the Solar System called?

12. The wobble in the Earth's axis is called ____.

13. Where did Saturn’s rings most likely come from?

14. What is the current era?

15. What is the shortest division of time in the geographical; time scale?

16. What type of stress pulls material apart?

17. What type of instrument can measure the vibrations of an earthquake?

18. If a developer fills in and dries a wetland, what is the developer required to do?

19. What is the primary federal law that protects the waters of the U.S.?

20. What is the carrying capacity of an environment?

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