Midterm Study Guide

Earth Science: mid-term study guide
Chapters 1-16
You may have one page of handwritten notes to use on the exam.
Please turn in your study guide notes along with your mid-term for extra credit.

1. Describe atoms.
2. Describe elements.
3. What is a mixture?
4. What kinds of tests are used to identify a mineral?
5. How are clastic sedimentary rocks classified?
6. Describe the rock cycle.
7. Describe erosion.
8. Describe the different types of mass movement.
9. Where do intrusive igneous rocks form?
10. What is a kimberlite pipe?
11. What is the force behind mass movement?
12. Describe the characteristics of valley glaciers.
13. What are the sources of fresh water on Earth?
14. What forms when warm, moist air is forced upward, expands, and cools?
15. What happens to atmospheric pressure in the troposphere with increasing altitude?
16. Define climate.
17. What is the Fujita intensity scale?

Terms to know:


Scientific methods are…

Earths atmosphere

International Date Line




Classification of minerals


Igneous intrusions

Physical weathering

Eroded materials

Force of friction

Stream banks



Barriers to groundwater flow

Precipitation and return of groundwater

Stream valleys

Groundwater: what does it do to limestone?



Lifted condensation level

Extensive glacial coverage

Meridians, grids, seconds, minutes for latitude and longitude

Flat maps

Topographic maps

Graphic scale

Atoms and molecules that are densely packed

Thermal energy

Positive ions

Negative ions

Most abundant elements in Earth’s crust

Formation of rocks

Rock’s melting point determined by …

Metamorphism of limestone

Soils in sloped areas

Factors affecting mass movement

Actions preventing mass-movement disasters

Ice age and glaciers

Eutrophication of a lake

* Be familiar with the diagram on the bottom of page 241 in your textbook.

Earth Science Final

You may complete and submit this study guide prior to taking your final for up to 10 extra credit points. You may prepare one sheet of handwritten notes to use during the test. Terms to know:
Earth Science

Rocks in mid-ocean ridges

Wegener’s proposal of the continents

Sea floor spreading

Colonization of plants on land

Marine organisms during the Mississippian

Oxygen on Earth



Solid, unweathered rock

Continental crust

Oceanic crust

Neptune’s atmosphere

Sun centered model

Wobble in Earth’s axis

Saturn’s rings

Current era

Geological time scale

Stress: tension, compression, shear, strain

Measure of earthquake vibrations

Filling of wetland

Federal law protecting waters of the United States

Carrying capacity

1. Rocks close to mid-ocean ridges are _____ than rocks far from mid-ocean ridges.

2. Wegener proposed that the continents were___

3. What causes sea floor spread?

4. When did plants start to colonize on land?

5. What kind of marine organisms became dominant during the Mississippian?

6. Oxygen makes up ____ percent of the Earth's air.

7. Concrete and mortar used in construction is made using _____.

8. What is the solid in weathered rock under the soil called?

9. Continental crust is made mostly or ___ and oceanic crust is made mostly of____.

10. Neptune's atmosphere has a persistent storm called ______.

11. What is the Sun centered model of the Solar System called?

12. The wobble in the Earth's axis is called ____.

13. Where did Saturn’s rings most likely come from?

14. What is the current era?

15. What is the shortest division of time in the geographical; time scale?

16. What type of stress pulls material apart?

17. What type of instrument can measure the vibrations of an earthquake?

18. If a developer fills in and dries a wetland, what is the developer required to do?

19. What is the primary federal law that protects the waters of the U.S.?

20. What is the carrying capacity of an environment?