Earth Science: mid-term study guide
You may have one page of handwritten notes to use on the exam.
Please turn in your study guide notes along with your mid-term for extra credit.
1. Describe atoms.
2. Describe elements.
3. What is a mixture?
4. What kinds of tests are used to identify a mineral?
5. How are clastic sedimentary rocks classified?
6. Describe the rock cycle.
7. Describe erosion.
8. Describe the different types of mass movement.
9. Where do intrusive igneous rocks form?
10. What is a kimberlite pipe?
11. What is the force behind mass movement?
12. Describe the characteristics of valley glaciers.
13. What are the sources of fresh water on Earth?
14. What forms when warm, moist air is forced upward, expands, and cools?
15. What happens to atmospheric pressure in the troposphere with increasing altitude?
16. Define climate.
17. What is the Fujita intensity scale?
Terms to know:
Scientific methods are…
International Date Line
Classification of minerals
Force of friction
Barriers to groundwater flow
Precipitation and return of groundwater
Groundwater: what does it do to limestone?
Lifted condensation level
Extensive glacial coverage
Meridians, grids, seconds, minutes for latitude and longitude
Atoms and molecules that are densely packed
Most abundant elements in Earth’s crust
Formation of rocks
Rock’s melting point determined by …
Metamorphism of limestone
Soils in sloped areas
Factors affecting mass movement
Actions preventing mass-movement disasters
Ice age and glaciers
Eutrophication of a lake
* Be familiar with the diagram on the bottom of page 241 in your textbook.